In vitro fertilization is an assisted reproductive technique (ART) commonly known as IVF. IVF involves extracting eggs, taking a sperm sample, and manually combining an egg with sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo (s) are then transferred to the uterus. Other forms of ART include intrafallopian gamete transfer (GIFT) and intrafallopian zygote transfer (ZIFT).
IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients: