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High Risk Pregnancy – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

A high-risk pregnancy is accompanied by certain health risks to the mother and child. These health risks have to be treated by an expert. Care is important.

High-risk Pregnancy happens to be a condition in which both the mother as well as the developing fetus are in danger during her pre or post-pregnancy. Its causes are maternal age, gestational diabetes, maternal obesity, high BMI, and Preterm labor. High-risk pregnancy treatment does include fetal monitoring and required medications. The best fertility center in Hyderabad has all the required facilities.

A high-risk pregnancy is a condition that does place both the mother and the developing fetus at a higher than normal risk of complication during pregnancy or post-pregnancy. A high-risk pregnancy does require a specialist so that delivery could be safe for the mother as well as the baby.
High-risk pregnancy does become more complicated as they progress, however for a variety of reasons; some women are at increased risk even before they get pregnant. Generally, multiple pregnancies are associated with high-risk pregnancies. Early prenatal care can no doubt reduce high-risk pregnancy. Complications can be life-threatening.

High Risk Pregnancy - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

1. Maternal Age

Age does play an important role in determining the common risks associated with pregnancy. Generally, women under the age group of 35 to 40 years are at a higher risk as compared to women in their early 30’s.

Also, those women who are still very young under the age group of 17 years are rather likely to develop complications at the later stages of pregnancy as compared to those between their late teens and early 30s. They have higher chances of genetic defects in their babies and miscarriage. Women after 35 to 40 years of age have greater chances of giving birth to a baby with Downs syndrome. Best Fertility Center in Hyderabad provides the required infrastructure for such pregnancy problems.

In case a mother has severe health problems before or during pregnancy, then it becomes a high-risk pregnancy. Some of the common health problems that can cause high-risk pregnancy are as follows:

a. Pre-eclampsia:

Pre-eclampsia is a syndrome, which includes swelling, high blood pressure, changes in blood levels that can affect the kidneys, liver, brain and urinary protein.

b. Gestational diabetes:

Gestational diabetes happens to be a type of diabetes that does occur only among pregnant women.

2. Maternal Obesity and High BMI

High body weight and high body mass index (BMI) can cause high-risk pregnancy. Maternal obesity and high BMI can cause birth complications and restrict the growth of babies. Mothers with a very high BMI do suffer from a higher risk of developing the following health conditions.
• Gestational diabetes
• Pre-eclampsia
• Hypertension (high blood pressure)
• Premature birth

In the case of babies, the common risk can be either:

• Macrosomic (larger) which can make labor difficult, in some cases a cesarean might be required
• Maternal obesity and a very high BMI can give rise to a condition called intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), where the baby is smaller than the expected size for their gestational age.
The best fertility center in Hyderabad can deal with such pregnancy problems.

3. High Blood Pressure

High blood needs to be regulated for blood flow to the fetus. If a mother suffers from very low or very high blood pressure during pregnancy, she can suffer the following health conditions:
• Damage to the kidneys which can, in turn, cause low birth weight in the baby
• It can cause Intrauterine Growth Restriction in the baby ( unusual growth or restriction in the baby)
• Risk of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy ( risk for the oxygen deprivation injuries)

Also read: High Blood Pressure Can Affect Pregnancy


If a mother has HIV or AIDS, it can damage the cells of the immune system, thus progressively destroying the body’s ability to fight infections as well as certain diseases. HIV passes on to the baby while giving birth or through breastfeeding.

5. Preterm labor

Preterm labor tends to begin before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Since the baby is not fully grown, it will not be able to survive outside the womb. In such a situation, the doctor tries to stop labor if it occurs before 37 weeks.


Treatment for high-risk pregnancy varies widely with the type of disease, and the effect that the disease has on pregnancy.

• Monitoring the fetus serial with ultrasounds. Fetal heart rate monitoring may be required or amniocentesis.
• Non-invasive prenatal testing helps doctors to detect problems in high-risk pregnancy by detecting fetal cells in the mother’s blood, assessing the risk for a genetic abnormality.
• Treating the patient in the earlier stages of planning a high-risk delivery.

Also read: Best infertility treatment center

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