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Factors that may lead to male infertility

InfertilityMale infertility is caused due to several life-styles, medical and environmental factors. Men need to maintain healthy habits to improve their sperm count.

If one is unable to conceive despite frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer is referred to as infertility. Best infertility treatment in Hyderabad, the best treatment for male infertility in India.

Causes

Medical causes

Problems with male fertility can be caused by a number of health issues and medical treatments. Some of these include:

• Varicocele.

A varicocele is a swelling of one’s veins that drain the testicle. It is the most common reversible cause of male infertility.

• Infection.

Some infections can lead to scarring that blocks the passage of sperm. These include inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) or testicles (orchitis) and some sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea or HIV.

• Ejaculation issues.

Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen tends to enter the bladder during orgasm instead of emerging out the tip of the penis. Retrograde ejaculation is caused by diabetes, spinal injuries, medications, and surgery of the bladder, prostate or urethra.

• Antibodies that attack sperm.

Anti-sperm antibodies are immune system cells that mistakenly identify sperm as harmful invaders and attempt to eliminate them. Best infertility treatment in Hyderabad, the best treatment for male infertility in India is worth trying out.

• Tumors.

Cancers and nonmalignant tumors can also affect the male reproductive organs directly, via the glands that do release hormones related to reproduction, such as the pituitary gland, or through unknown causes. Radiation or chemotherapy can also impact male fertility negatively.

• Undescended testicles.

In some males, during fetal development one or both testicles fail to descend from the abdomen into the sac that usually contains the testicles (scrotum).

• Hormone imbalances.

Infertility can be due to disorders of the testicles themselves or an abnormality affecting other hormonal systems such as the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands.

• Defects of tubules that transport sperm.

Several tubes carrying sperm can be blocked due to injury from surgery, prior infections, trauma or abnormal development, such as with cystic fibrosis or inherited conditions.

• Chromosome defects.

Inherited disorders such as Klinefelter’s syndrome cause abnormal development of the male reproductive organs. Other genetic syndromes that affect fertility are cystic fibrosis are Kallmann’s syndrome and Kartagener’s syndrome.

• Problems with sexual intercourse.

Maintaining an erection sufficient for sex (erectile dysfunction), premature ejaculation, painful intercourse, anatomical abnormalities such as having a urethral opening beneath the penis (hypospadias), or psychological or relationship problems tend to interfere with sex.

• Celiac disease.

A digestive disorder that is caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac disease can cause male infertility. Adopting a gluten-free diet helps.

• Certain medications.

Testosterone replacement therapy, long-term anabolic steroid use, cancer medications (chemotherapy), certain antifungal medications, some ulcer drugs do impair sperm production.

• Prior surgeries.

Certain surgeries such as vasectomy, inguinal hernia repairs, scrotal or testicular surgeries, prostate surgeries can affect sperm count.

Environmental causes

• Industrial chemicals.

Extended exposure to benzenes, toluene, xylene, pesticides, herbicides, organic solvents, painting materials can lead to low sperm counts.

• Heavy metal exposure.

Exposure to lead or other heavy metals also can cause infertility.

• Radiation or X-rays.

Exposure to radiation reduces sperm production.

• Overheating the testicles.

Elevated temperatures impair sperm production as well as function.
Sitting for long periods, wearing tight clothing or working on a laptop computer for long stretches of time reduce sperm production.

Health, lifestyle and other causes

• Drug use.

Anabolic steroids taken to stimulate muscle strength and growth can also cause the testicles to shrink and sperm production to decrease. The use of cocaine or marijuana can also affect sperm count.

• Alcohol use.

Drinking alcohol can lower testosterone levels, cause erectile dysfunction and decrease sperm production. Liver disease caused by excessive drinking can lead to fertility problems.

• Tobacco smoking.

Smoking can cause male infertility.

• Emotional stress.

Stress also causes infertility. Prolonged emotional stress is bad.

• Depression.

If a male partner has severe depression, fertility can get affected. It leads to sexual dysfunction on account of reduced libido, erectile dysfunction, or delayed or inhibited ejaculation.

• Weight.

Obesity can impair fertility in several ways, including directly impacting sperm themselves as well as by causing hormone changes that reduce male fertility.
Best infertility treatment in Hyderabad, the best treatment for male infertility in India can do wonders for a healthy pregnancy.

Also read:   6 Ways to Prevent Male Infertility and its Causes

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